Open Angle Glaucoma
Open Angle Glaucoma (OAG), the most common type of glaucoma, occurs when there is either a sustained increase in fluid production or a decrease in fluid drainage. With this imbalance in fluid flow, there is an increase in the intraocular pressure, which in turn reduces blood flow to the sensitive tissues of the optic nerve. Over time, as the optic nerve fibers are destroyed, peripheral (side) vision is lost.
Treatment of Open Angle Glaucoma
OAG treatment concentrates on lowering the pressure inside the eye to prevent damage to the optic nerve, the most common treatments for glaucoma have been the use of medications in the form of eye drops or pills, and laser treatments
and some medications allow for faster drainage, while other medications reduce the production of aqueous humor. If these methods fail to decrease fluid pressure, surgery may be required to create a new drainage channel. Learn More about Laser Therapy for Glaucoma HERE.
*A recent study1
published in the Journal of Glaucoma
found that there was no difference in the reduction of eye pressure after SLT compared to that of medicated eye drops
when used as a first-line treatment for glaucoma.
Prevention is the Best Medicine
Vision loss from glaucoma is permanent
but can usually be prevented
with early detection and treatment. Glaucoma management is usually a lifelong process that requires frequent monitoring and constant treatment. Since there is no way to determine if glaucoma is under control based on how a person feels, a person with glaucoma generally should be examined
every 3 to 4 months. If you have experienced a loss of peripheral vision or are having other difficulties with your vision, you should have a complete eye examination.
: Katz LJ, et al. J Glaucoma. 2012:doi:10.197/ITG.0b013e318218287f