Vero Beach - 2750 Indian River Blvd
Sebastian - 13397 U.S. 1
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and the leading cause of blindness in American adults. Diabetic retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision.
In diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels grow abnormally, then swell and leak fluid, causing damage.
If you have diabetic retinopathy, you may not notice changes to your vision at first. But over time, retinopathy can get worse and cause severe loss without treatment. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.
Blood vessels damaged from diabetes can cause vision loss in several ways:
Although considered one disease, there are many types of diabetic retinopathy.
The two main categories of diabetic retinopathy:
The level of severity and the area of the retina involved determine the type of treatment for diabetic retinopathy.
Injectable medications used in the treatment of Macular Degeneration like Lucentis, Eylea, Avastin, or Kenalog have proved effective in managing the swelling and fluid leakage associated with diabetic eye disease.
Laser photocoagulation is also used to safely and reliably stabilize and improve vision. By focusing the laser onto diseased areas in the retina, swelling can be reduced, abnormal vessels destroyed, and weak vessels sealed.
All people with diabetes are at risk. The longer someone has lived with diabetes, the more likely they will develop diabetic retinopathy. Forty percent of Americans diagnosed with diabetes already have some stage of diabetic retinopathy.